Articles tagged with: Michael Carter

New HIV infections halved after scale-up of HIV treatment, circumcision, in Uganda's hardest-hit district

published: March, 08, 2018 Written by // Guest Authors - Revolving Door Categories // Social Media, African, Caribbean and Black, As Prevention , Current Affairs, Treatment Guidelines -including when to start, Health, International , Revolving Door, Treatment, Media, Guest Authors

From AIDSmap, Michael Carter and Keith Alcorn report on the Rakai Community Cohort Study.

New HIV infections halved after scale-up of HIV treatment, circumcision, in Uganda's hardest-hit district

The rate of new HIV infections has halved since 2011 in a Ugandan community following large increases in male circumcision, antiretroviral treatment and viral suppression, Frank Kagaayi of the Rakai Health Sciences Program told the Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections in Boston on Tuesday. Dr Kagaayi was presenting results from the Rakai Community Cohort Study, focusing on repeat surveys of one fishing village with a very high prevalence and incidence of HIV infection. The

Chronic depression leads to poorer engagement with key stages of HIV care continuum, say US researchers

published: February, 28, 2018 Written by // Guest Authors - Revolving Door Categories // Social Media, Mental Health, Research, Health, International , Revolving Door, Media, Guest Authors

From AIDSmap, Michael Carter reports on a study designed to examine the association between chronic depression and clinical outcomes.

Chronic depression leads to poorer engagement with key stages of HIV care continuum, say US researchers

Increased time spent living with depression is associated with poorer engagement with the HIV care continuum, investigators from the United States report in JAMA Psychiatry. Chronic depression was associated with missing appointments, a detectable viral load and an increased mortality risk. “We found that a greater proportion of time spent with depression increased the risk of missed primary care appointments and lack of viral suppression in a dose-response manner,” comment the autho

High prevalence of hypertension among HIV-positive patients in the US with 'missed opportunities' for its diagnosis and control

published: February, 14, 2018 Written by // Guest Authors - Revolving Door Categories // Social Media, General Health, Mental Health, Research, Health, International , Revolving Door, Media, Guest Authors

“We found that about 1 in 8 patients has undiagnosed and untreated hypertension,” write the researchers. From AIDSmap, Michael Carter reports.

High prevalence of hypertension among HIV-positive patients in the US with 'missed opportunities' for its diagnosis and control

  There is a high prevalence of hypertension among HIV-positive patients in the United States and many of these individuals are not receiving hypertensive therapy, investigators report in Clinical Infectious Diseases. Overall, 42% of patients were classified as hypertensive and 13% of these patients were undiagnosed with a further 26% with uncontrolled high blood pressure despite therapy. “We found that about 1 in 8 patients has undiagnosed and untreated hypertension,” write the researc

Women with HIV less likely to receive recommended treatments for gynaecologic cancers

published: January, 29, 2018 Written by // Guest Authors - Revolving Door Categories // Social Media, As Prevention , Treatment Guidelines -including when to start, Women, Health, International , Revolving Door, Treatment, Living with HIV, Media, Guest Authors

Toxicity and patient factors were the main reasons why women did not receive treatment recommended in guidelines.From AIDSmap, Michael Carter reports.

Women with HIV less likely to receive recommended treatments for gynaecologic cancers

The majority of HIV-positive women diagnosed with gynaecological cancer do not receive treatment recommended by cancer guidelines, according to research conducted in the United States and published in AIDS. Women whose care did not match guideline standards had poorer survival compared to women who received the recommended care. Toxicity and patient factors were the main reasons why women did not receive treatment recommended in guidelines. “To our knowledge, there is no case series de

High prevalence of emphysema in middle-aged HIV-positive smokers

published: January, 09, 2018 Written by // Guest Authors - Revolving Door Categories // Social Media, Research, Health, International , Smoking Cessation , Revolving Door, Media, Guest Authors

From AIDSmap, Michael Carter reports on a French study that associates HIV with an increased prevalence of airway obstruction.

High prevalence of emphysema in middle-aged HIV-positive smokers

HIV infection is associated with airway obstruction, French investigators report in AIDS. Middle-aged HIV-positive smokers were matched with HIV-negative smokers of the same sex and age. After controlling for potential confounders, the investigators found a significant association between HIV and airway obstruction, an association that persisted after controlling for history of previous serious lung disease. Smoking intensity was also a significant risk factor. Lung function was measured usi

HIV-positive transgender men in US have significant unmet medical and social needs

published: December, 11, 2017 Written by // Guest Authors - Revolving Door Categories // Social Media, As Prevention , Gay Men, Treatment Guidelines -including when to start, Research, Health, International , Revolving Door, Treatment, Living with HIV, Media, Guest Authors

“Although these transgender men had access to HIV medical care, many experienced poor health outcomes and unmet needs,” write the authors. From AIDSmap, Michael Carter reports.

HIV-positive transgender men in US have significant unmet medical and social needs

HIV-positive transgender men in the United States have significant unmet social and healthcare needs, according to a study published in Research and Practice. Approximately half were living in poverty and only 60% had sustained viral suppression. “Many transgender men receiving HIV medical care in the United States face socioeconomic challenges and suboptimal health outcomes,” write the authors. “Although these transgender men had access to HIV medical care, many experienced poor hea

Starting ART immediately after HIV diagnosis cuts mortality risk by two-thirds for people with high CD4 cell counts

published: November, 08, 2017 Written by // Guest Authors - Revolving Door Categories // Social Media, As Prevention , Treatment Guidelines -including when to start, General Health, Health, International , Revolving Door, Treatment, Media, Guest Authors

Over 12 months of follow-up, individuals who started antiretrovirals within 30 days of their diagnosis had a 63% reduction in their mortality risk compared to people who remained antiretroviral-naïve. From AIDSmap, Michael Carrter reports.

Starting ART immediately after HIV diagnosis cuts mortality risk by two-thirds for people with high CD4 cell counts

People with a high CD4 cell count who start antiretroviral therapy (ART) immediately after diagnosis with HIV cut their 12-month mortality risk by two-thirds, according to research conducted in China and published in Clinical Infectious Diseases. The retrospective study involved over 35,000 people who were newly diagnosed with HIV between 2012 and 2014. All had a CD4 cell count above 500 cells/mm3. Over 12 months of follow-up, individuals who started antiretrovirals within 30 days of their d

Drinking three or more cups of coffee a day halves the risk of dying for people with HIV/HCV co-infection

published: November, 01, 2017 Written by // Guest Authors - Revolving Door Categories // Social Media, Hep B and C, Health, Revolving Door, Media, Guest Authors

"... we found that elevated coffee consumption had an independent protective effect on all-cause mortality risk.” From Infohep.org, Michael Carter reports.

Drinking three or more cups of coffee a day halves the risk of dying for people with HIV/HCV co-infection

Drinking three or more cups of coffee a day halves the risk of death from any cause for people with HIV/hepatitis C virus (HCV) co-infection, French investigators report in the Journal of Hepatology. The protective effect of coffee consumption observed in the study was much larger than the 14% reduction in mortality observed in the general population. “In this large prospective nationwide cohort of patients co-infected with HIV-HCV followed-up in French hospital departments, we found t

Many gay/bisexual men currently taking PrEP would switch to injectable forms of the therapy should it become available

published: October, 12, 2017 Written by // Guest Authors - Revolving Door Categories // African, Caribbean and Black, Social Media, As Prevention , Gay Men, Treatment Guidelines -including when to start, Research, Health, International , Sexual Health, Revolving Door, Treatment, Media, Guest Authors

"It removes the requirement to take daily treatment and the need to maintain high levels of treatment adherence." From AIDSmap, Michael Carter reports.

Many gay/bisexual men currently taking PrEP would switch to injectable forms of the therapy should it become available

Approximately a third of gay and bisexual men who are currently taking oral (tenofovir/emtricitabine) pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) would prefer long-acting injectable PrEP should it become available, investigators report in AIDS and Behavior. Individuals were less likely to prefer injectable PrEP if they had concerns about the level of protection it provided against HIV and/or about its durability. “About one-third of GBM [gay and bisexual men] currently taking oral PrEP would prefer LA

Depression highly prevalent among people living with HIV in sub-Saharan Africa

published: October, 02, 2017 Written by // Guest Authors - Revolving Door

Globally, the mental health of HIV-positive individuals is an increasing concern. From AIDSmap, Michael Carter reports.

Depression highly prevalent among people living with HIV in sub-Saharan Africa

Depression is very common among people living with HIV in sub-Saharan Africa, according to the results of a systematic review and meta-analysis published in PLOS One. Prevalence ranged between 9 and 32%, but differed between screening tools and also according to antiretroviral therapy (ART) status. Risk factors for depression included economic hardship, female sex and immunosuppression, but there was little consistency between studies. “This analysis of the available most recent literature

[12 3  >>